Conference 18 Abstracts
Association for the Study of Dreams
UCSC Santa Cruz, California, USA
1.Type of presentation: Workshop. Two three hour sessions, each on a
2.Title of presentation: From Dream to Dreamer and from Dreamer to
Milton Kramer M.D.,
Dr. Kramer has been involved in research in dreaming and the diagnosis
and treatment of Sleep Disorders since 1960.He is a past president of
ASD and a founding member of the Association of Sleep Disorders Centers.
Dr. Kramer has published over 140 articles in the area of Dreams and
Sleep Disorders. He is the editor of three books on dreaming, Dream
Psychology and the New Biology of Dreaming, Dimensions of Dreams, and
The Functions of Dreaming. Dr. Kramer is Clinical Professor of
Psychiatry at NYU and Director of the Sleep Consultation Service.
4. Summary of presentation: In the first session, the participants will
go over a dream and construct the meaning of the dream. They will then
predict the life history of the dreamer. In the second session, the
participants will be shown a brief interview with the dreamer and then
asked to predict each of the REM-dreams of the night.
5.Learning Objectives: Participants will a) be exposed to an approach to
grasp the meaning of the dream, independent of the dreamer and to see
how well it relates to the life issues of the dreamer; b) begin to
experience the relationship between the immediate current concern of the
dreamer and the dreams of the subsequent night; and c) begin to consider
that there are different patterns of dreaming across the night.
In the clinical and educational approaches to dreaming, there is the
assumption that the person and his dreams are related. However, the
conviction exists that without a detailed knowledge of the dreamer and
for some without the dreamer's assistance, the dream cannot be
understood. The strength of the connection between the dreamer and his
dreams is not fully appreciated. To illustrate the relationship between
the dreamer and his dreams two exercises will be undertaken.
In the first session, a dream will be examined, a phrase at a time, to
establish the meaning of the dream without the assistance of the
dreamer. The group will then predict to the life issues of the dreamer.
Two examples will be examined. A discussion will be undertaken to
explore the strengths and limitations of the approach
To illustrate further the regularity of dreaming, the connection between
the dreamer's current concerns and his night's dreams, the
interconnection among the dreams of the night, and the different
patterns of dreaming will be examined. Videotaped interviews with two
volunteers and their nights videotaped REM- dream collection will be
The participants will be asked to develop the immediate current concern
of the volunteer subjects based on the videotaped interview. Using the
current concern, the participants will predict the theme of the first
dream of the night. Videotape of the collection of the first REM- dream
will be shown. The participants will discuss the relationship between
the first REM- dream and the immediate current concern. From this
integration, they will then attempt to predict the theme of the next
REM- dream. A similar effort at discussion, integration, and prediction
will follow each presentation of the videotape of the REM- dream
collections across the night. A discussion of the pattern of REM
dreaming for each subject will be undertaken.
After the presentation of the interviews and dreams of the two subjects
have been completed a concluding discussion will be undertaken. An
attempt will be made to explore a) was a connection between the dream
and the life issues of the dreamer demonstrated, b) was a connection
between the immediate current concern and the dreams of the night
illustrated, c) were the dreams of the night thematically related, and
c) were there discernable patterns of dreaming illustrated.